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The State of Illinois is a state of the United States of America and the 21st state admitted to the Union. Illinois is the most populous state in the Midwest and the fifth most populous in the nation, and has a large and cosmopolitan population. Its balance of vast suburbs and the great metropolis of Chicago in the northeast, rural areas, small industrial cities, and renowned agricultural productivity in central and western Illinois, and the coal mines of the south give it a highly diverse economic base. Its central location, connecting the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River via the Illinois River, made it a transportation hub for 150 years. It is this mixture of factory and farm, of urban and rural, that makes Illinois a microcosm of the United States.
About 2,000 Native American hunters and a small number of French villagers inhabited the area at the time of the American Revolution. American settlers began arriving from Kentucky in the 1810s; they achieved statehood in 1818. Yankees arrived a little later and dominated the north, founding the future metropolis of Chicago in the 1830s. The coming of the railroads in the 1850s made highly profitable the rich prairie farmlands in central Illinois, attracting large numbers of immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden. Northern Illinois provided major support for Illinoisans Abraham Lincoln and Ulysses S. Grant during the American Civil War. By 1900, factories were being rapidly built in the northern cities, along with coal mines in central and southern areas. This industrialization attracted large numbers of immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe, and also led to the state's material contribution as a major arsenal in both world wars. In addition to immigrants from Europe, large numbers of blacks left the cotton fields of the South to come to Chicago, where they developed a famous jazz culture.
News from The Chigago Tribune
Oct 26, 2014 5:03 am
Oct 26, 2014 4:58 am
SAN FRANCISCO — We can only imagine the uproar Babe Ruth's "Called Shot" home run at Wrigley Field would have created if Twitter had been around during the 1932 World Series.
Oct 26, 2014 4:21 am
Illinois joined New York and New Jersey in imposing mandatory quarantines for people arriving with a risk of having contracted Ebola in West Africa, but the first person isolated under the new rules, ...
Oct 26, 2014 2:03 am
Relatives of a Washington state teen accused of a high school shooting rampage said on Saturday that they were living in a "nightmare" and struggling to understand why the boy targeted his t...
Oct 26, 2014 1:34 am
Brandon Marshall didn't tell any secrets last Sunday when his fire roared in the Bears' locker room. He didn't attack Jay Cutler, and he didn't have to.
Oct 26, 2014 12:37 am
Does any of this sound familiar?
Oct 26, 2014 12:05 am
A Florida man shot and killed a 400-pound black bear after it broke into his house two nights in a row to get to a bag of dog food, a state wildlife officer said on Friday.
Oct 25, 2014 11:42 pm
Attorney GeneralEric Holdersaid on Saturday theU.S. governmentwill recognize same-sex marriages in six more states, bringing to 32 the number of states where couples in gay unions qualify for federal ...
Oct 25, 2014 11:15 pm
ST. LOUIS The battle for the Central Division title promises to be a bloodbath throughout the season with the Blackhawks and Blues expected to be among the teams slugging it out for the top spot. ...
Oct 25, 2014 11:02 pm
CHAMPAIGN Illinois coach Tim Beckman stepped toward a postgame news conference, saturated in Gatorade and sweat, pride and elation.
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